VATICAN CITY AND ST. PETER'S BASILICA
Vatican City is the world’s smallest state and the only European State to be ruled by an absolute monarch (the Pope). Set up in 1929 to include 109 acres, about 500 people live here, and as well as accommodations for staff and ecclesiastics, the city has its own post office, banks, currency, judicial system, radio stations, shops, and a daily newspaper. The Papal Basilica of St. Peter in the Vatican, or simply St. Peter's Basilica is regarded as one of the holiest Catholic shrines in the world. There has been a church on this site since the time of the Roman Emperor, Constantine the Great. St. Peter's is known for being a famous pilgrimage site and for its many liturgical functions throughout the year, where the Pope can draw audiences of 15,000 to over 80,000 people.